Why do I have to give my ID number to sign the initiative?
This petition is officially certified by the EU. You must provide a justification of your identity because you need to prove that you are an EU citizen and thus have the right to cast your vote for this European Citizens’ Initiative. You can rest assured that your personal information will not be used outside of this initiative
What about the islands that are not connected by tunnel or bridge?
We acknowledge that islands are a special case that is why we want to protect them. We propose that aviation fuel used on flights to and from islands remain tax exempt or be taxed at lower rates due to the lack of alternatives to air travel.
Will a kerosene tax for flights within the EU create a distortion of competition in favour of non-European countries?
‘There is already a similar situation with the European Union Emissions Trading System because the EU carbon market is already applied to flights within the EU (for example on flights from Belgium to Spain, but not on flights from Belgium to Turkey).
In 2017, the European Commission published an impact assessment on whether the European Trading System (introduced in the EU to reduce aviation emissions) was causing any distortion of competition (see page 37 here), and found that it was not, and that even an increase in allowance price out to 2030 is unlikely to cause a distortion. The European Union should introduce a kerosene tax with rates that are progressively increased every year until there is actual evidence of distortion.’
– Andrew Murphy
We should tax kerosene on all flights and not only on flights within the EU!
Kerosene has been tax exempt in the aviation sector since the Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation in 1944. All efforts toward reaching an international agreement to use taxation as a means of mitigation aviation emissions have been fruitless so far, because amending the Chicago convention would require the agreement of the 193 signatory states.
What do you propose exactly?
If you are interested in knowing what our project will look like, take a look at our draft legislative proposal. Please note that this is only our proposal, not the official legislative draft that will be put to the vote. https://www.endingaviationfueltaxexemption.eu/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/Fairosene-Draft-legal-act.pdf
Wouldn’t this just hurt working people hardest, meaning they can’t afford to fly for vacation or to visit family, while the rich are unaffected?
The policy change that we propose would bring an end to the lucrative tax exemptions that have allowed the aviation sector to
Taxing fossil fuels can indeed become unfair to customers if they have no alternatives; as the yellow vest movement in France showed. This is why developing and
Furthermore, if we wanted to target passengers directly, we would have launched an ECI to implement an EU-wide VAT on plane tickets as member states don’t apply VAT on plane tickets now. Instead, we want to
Finally, we must not forget that climate crisis is an immediate threat that respects no geographical borders nor social boundaries. Unless we start fighting here and now to prevent the irreversible climate change, the devastating consequences of global warming would hit, first and foremost, the most vulnerable members of our society. We must make our stand and ensure that we never come to that point. Our proposal does not wish to create unnecessary burdens for the
Ultimately what impact do you expect such a tax to have, regarding CO2 and flight reduction?
We expect the number of flights, especially short distance ones, to gradually reduce. We also hope that next generation plane engines will be much more carbon-efficient, which should be facilitated with the part of the tax revenue invested in research and development. Airlines will also be much more incentivised than today to buy the most sustainable planes on the market, which will incentivise aircraft manufacturers to innovate. Finally, we expect the number of long distance train travels to be largely increased, due to the investments in developing and improving European railways, especially those transnational, financed by the kerosene fuel tax. We also hope that EU national governments will implement domestic policies to incentivise green mobility, for example by reducing VAT on train tickets.
Who receives the tax – the individual countries, or EU?
We propose that the EU receives the tax revenue, similarly as with the Common Tariff duties. The kerosene tax revenue would
In addition, we believe that these funds must be used responsibly. Such responsibility would entail increasing funds on research and development in key sectors of the economy that are central to the creation of not just a more sustainable economy but also a more sustainable world, altogether. More specifically, we propose to use the tax revenue to finance more programmes of research and development in more carbon-efficient planes engines such as the SES2+2. Additionally, considering the clear environmental detriment of the aviation sector, we must consider alternatives for the mobility and transport needs of all citizens within the EU. Therefore, our proposals clearly
Presumably such a tax would only apply within the EU – how would this affect the international competitiveness of the EU, regarding business and tourism?
The EU Emissions Trading System is not only applied to flights within the EU but within the European Economic Area (EEA) – the 28 EU Member States, plus Iceland, Liechtenstein
We must reaffirm to the public that our proposal does not wish to undermine the competitiveness of EU companies and
Roughly, what cost might such a tax add to an average flight within Europe?
First of all, the Commission will be invited, once we reach the one million signatures threshold, to propose to the EU finance ministers its own legal
To find out more on the increased cost per passenger if kerosene were taxed at the rate set in the Energy Tax Directive (Council
‘Ticket prices are already very low and the impact on consumers of such a tax would be minimal.
What is the historical background to the aviation fuel tax exemption – why is it exempt?
Historically, kerosene has been tax exempt for international flights since the Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation in 1944, which was signed by a total of 52 states. The aim of this exemption was understandable at the time: make aviation more affordable in order to reduce distances and increase exchanges of people. The aim at the time was also to help develop the industry which was at its early steps.
The agreement, and more specifically Article 15, has been the basis of objections from airline companies when
The ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organisation – UN agency) has been trying for years if not decades to reach an agreement with all the Convention signatories, but without success.
Since the aforementioned Convention, efforts of reaching an international agreement to use taxation as
Nevertheless, there have been multiple criticisms from
- Calculated from 4 annual reports FY16 representing the highest market shares of low cost carriers.
- T&E analysis. The average intra-EU flight sector is 1200 km. Fuel burn from a 737-800 from the ICAO Carbon Emissions Calculator Methodology V.9 with an assumed load factor of 85% yields 43 litres of kerosene per passenger.
- EU average of all available carriers in all available countries (24 of the EU28) from Euromonitor data. Disclaimer: While every attempt has been made to ensure accuracy and reliability, Euromonitor International cannot be held responsible for omissions or errors of historic figures or analyses.